Orange Tree Pollination
Pollination is the common method for flowers to exchange genetic substances for reproduction purposes. Pollination result in high fruit production and healthy plants. For many flowering trees including orange trees, pollination tasks can be fulfilled by insects and some natural ways. Some fruits trees can perform pollination by themselves and some need cross-pollination from other flowers by the help of insects or wind.
Some citrus species can produce fruits without the need of pollination, and the fruits do not have seeds either. This is called parthenocarpy and some orange species like Washington navel have this ability to produce seedless fruits. Some orange trees can do the self-pollination by themselves, so technically they need very little assistance from incest to facilitate their pollination process. For those need pollination for producing fruits, pollination by insects is the most common method. The wonderful smell of the blossom will attract bees to come to pick up pollen from flower to flower, resulting in frequent exchange of pollen among them. Pollination can also be completed by winds which take spread the pollen into other flowers.
The process of pollination actually starts in the early spring when the flowers are beginning to bloom. Some orange trees need cross-pollination instead of pollination from the same tree. These tree species need pollen from another adult citrus tree to complete the pollination. Most cross pollination work will be done be insects. The pollinated trees are able to produce fruits within one or two years. Most of these citrus fruits can stay on the branch for a long time before being over-ripen. When planting your orange trees in backyard, you should put two adjacent trees no farther than 30 meters to facilitate pollination.
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